As this work moved forward, he received word on September 7 that a large Mexican force had occupied the Molino del Rey. Aware of Scott's intentions, Santa Anna ordered five brigades, supported by artillery, to defend the Molino and Casa de Mata. In the mills were the National Guard Battalions of Liberty, Union, Querétaro, and Mina,under General Leon( 1,400 men and 3- 8 lb.guns ), and the brigade of troops (Grenaderos, San Blas Activos, Mixto de Santa Ana and Morelia Battalions) commanded by General Joaquin Rangel. Call Number: PGA - Baillie--Battle of Molino (A size) [P&P] The Battle of Molino del Rey was fought September 8, 1847, during the Mexican-American War (1846-1848). Las defensas del Molino del Rey quedaron reducidas a un efectivo aproximado de 4,000 elementos integrados por la Brigada del General Antonio de León, el 4/o. Molino del Rey consisted of a “a range of buildings. The Battle of Molins de Rei or Battle of Molins de Rey or Battle of Molins del Rey (21 December 1808) saw an Imperial French corps led by Laurent Gouvion Saint-Cyr attack a Spanish army temporarily led by Theodor von Reding and the Conde de Caldagues because its commander Juan Miguel de Vives y Feliu was absent. The Americans made little progress in this battle… To the right, Brigadier General John Garland's brigade, supported by Huger's Battery, had orders to block potential reinforcements from Chapultepec before striking the Molino from the east. With forces of 14,000, General Santa Ana was confident of victory. Located southwest of Mexico City, the Molino del Rey (King's Mill) consisted of a series stone buildings that once had housed flour and gunpowder mills. These orders contemplated a movement up to within striking distance of the Mills before daylight. Eleven of fourteen American officers were killed, but Smith and Cadwalader's forces occupied the enemy line in the center of the battle. Copy of lithograph by James Baillie, 1848. Medium: 1 print. West of the ravine, toward Morales, were four thousand cavalry. Major-General Winfield Scott, near Mexico City, to William L. Marcy, Secretary of War, at Washington, D.C. Dispatch communicating Scott's official report of the Battle of Molino del Rey. Mexican losses totaled 269 killed as well as approximately 500 wounded and 852 captured. At three o'clock in the morning of September 8, Worth sent an assault column of 500 men, the 8th Infantry led by Major George Wright, down a gently sloping plain. After blowing up the Casa Mata and destroying the molds and other property in the mills, American forces returned to Tacubaya. To aid in operation, Scott assigned Brigadier General George Cadwallader's brigade to Worth as a reserve. Worth had a total strength of 2,800 men. Poté, co postupoval do vnitrozemí z Veracruzu a získal několik vítězství, Hlavní generál Winfield Scott Americká armáda se přiblížila k Mexico City. As a result, a new army was created under Major General Winfield Scott and ordered to capture the key port city of Veracruz. casus= territory= result=U.S. Captain Huger's heavy guns first opened fire on the mills, and continued until that point of the enemy's line became shaken. Battle of el Molino del Rey. Haven taken this objective, Worth ordered his artillery to shift their fire to the Casa de Mata and directed McIntosh to attack. The Battle of Molino del Rey (8 September 1847) was one of the bloodiest engagements of the Mexican–American War as part of the Battle for Mexico City. Ending the truce in early September, Scott began making preparations for assaulting Mexico City. In the wake of the battle, no evidence was found that the Molino del Rey was being used as a cannon foundry. As the bulk of his army would not be ready to assault Mexico City for several days, Scott determined to conduct a minor action against the Molino in the meantime. The Battle for Mexico City refers to the series of engagements from September 8 to September 15, 1847, in the general vicinity of Mexico City during the Mexican–American War. Reproduction Number: LC-USZ62-62219 (b&w film copy neg.) Date: 1851: Source: Published in the 1851 book "The … The Battle of Molino del Rey was one of the bloodiest engagements of the Mexican-American War. Though Major General Zachary Taylor had won a series of victories at Palo Alto, Resaca de la Palma, and Monterrey, President James K. Polk elected to shift the focus of American efforts from northern Mexico to a campaign against Mexico City. Batallón Ligero, el 11/o. Scott ordered General Worth to attack and take the Mill, break up the factory, and destroy any munitions found. Type of Resource. Brigadier General Newman Clarke's brigade (temporarily led by Lieutenant Colonel James S. McIntosh) was directed to move west and assault the Casa de Mata. Attacking under heavy fire, they succeeded in overrunning the enemy lines outside the Molino. Report of Brigadier-General Cadwalader Map of the Battle of Molino del Rey Aftermath of battle On September 6, 1847, as the armistice and negotiations that followed the Battle of Churubusco were breaking down, a large number of Mexican troops were observed around a group of low, massive stone buildings known as El Molino del Rey or King's Mill. Though Scott ultimately gained little from the Battle of Molino del Rey, it did serve as another blow to the already low Mexican morale. Nearing the gates of the city, Scott entered into a truce with Santa Anna in the hopes of ending the war. The Battle of Molino del Rey After talks stalled and the armistice was broken, Scott decided to hit Mexico City from the west and take the Belén and San Cosme gates into the city. Associated name on shelflist card: Baillie. For the operation, he selected Major General William J. Headquarters of the army, Tacubaya, near Mexico, September 11, 1847. At 3:00 AM, Worth's division began advancing guided by scouts James Mason and James Duncan. To the northeast, through some woods, the castle of Chapultepec towered over the area while to the west stood the fortified position of Casa de Mata. Colonel Garland and Drum's battery occupied the enemy's position on the right, immediately under the guns of Chapultepec. In bitter fighting they managed to drive off the Mexicans and secure the Molino. These were overseen by Brigadier Generals Antonio Leon and Francisco Perez. . Though this was largely due to Polk's concerns about Taylor's political ambitions, it was also supported by reports that an advance against the enemy capital from the north would be exceptionally difficult. Having advanced inland from Veracruz and won several victories, Major General Winfield Scott's American army approached Mexico City. Mexican forces lost over 769 casualties along with General Leon and Colonels Balderas (Mina Battalion) and Gelaty dead. Topics: battle, molino, del, rey, 1848, 19th century, popular graphic arts, print, molino del rey, ultra high resolution, high resolution Winning the Battle of Chapultepec, he captured the city and effectively won the war. 2 Background of the Battle of Molino del Rey: In the midst of the Mexican-American War under the presidency of Polke, was the battle of Molino del Rey which shifted the focus from the Northern Mexican boundary to now targeting and edging towards Mexico City. Moving inland, Scott routed the Mexicans, led by General Antonio López de Santa Anna, at Cerro Gordo the following month. still image. . On September 8, 1847 Major General Winfield Scott ordered his American troops to attack and capture the Molino del Rey, … In the grove of Chapultepec, in the rear of the mills, as a reserve, were the 1st and 3d light battalions (700 men) . Annual Reports 1894, War Department lists trophy guns: 2- 6 pounders bronze, 1- 4 pounder. Worth assaulted the Molino del Rey and the nearby Casa de Mata. victory combatant1=United States combatant2=Mexico… . In the Casa Mata were the 4th light battalion (600 men)and 11th regiment of the line (900 men), under General Francisco Perez. The subsequent negotiations proved futile and the truce was marred by numerous violations on the part of the Mexicans. The Battle of Molino del Rey was one of the bloodiest engagements of the Mexican-American War.It was fought in September 1847 between Mexican forces under General Antonio Léon against an American force under General Winfield Scott at El Molino del Rey near Mexico City. Having advanced inland from Veracruz and won several victories, Major General Winfield Scott's American army approached Mexico City. Contemporary lithograph portraying the "Blowing up the Foundry by the Victorious American Army under General Worth.". Behind them he placed Colonel Charles F. Smith's light battalion and George Cadwalader's brigade in the center, and to their right was Garland's brigade and a battery under Captain Simon H. Drum. Dated: 01.01.1848. Permalink. The Battle of Molino del Rey was one of the bloodiest engagements of the Mexican–American War as part of the Battle for Mexico City. A large grove of trees separated the Mill from the castle, while the castle's batteries covered the area. These gates were protected by two strategic points: a fortified old mill named Molino del Rey and the fortress of Chapultepec , which was also Mexico's military academy. Major Wright's storming party dashed forward at a charge. As the infantry moved forward, a force of 270 dragoons, led by Major Edwin V. Sumner, screened the American left flank. From the roof of the bishop's palace at Tacubaya, where General Scott's quarters were, the evidence of there being some kind of furnace was distinctly visible in the bright red flame which rose above the Mill's roof. Landing on March 9, 1847, Scott's men moved against the city and captured it after a twenty-day siege. In the resulting fighting, the storming party lost eleven of fourteen officers, including Wright. Date Issued. It was fought in September 1847 between Mexican forces under General Antonio Léon against an American force under General Winfield Scott at a hill called El Molino del Rey near Mexico City. In the resulting fighting, both positions were captured, but American losses proved high. 300px. The Battle of Molino del Rey (8 September 1847) was a major battle of the Mexican-American War that occurred when the 4,000-strong Mexican army of General Antonio Leon attempted to delay the advance of the 9,800-strong American army of Winfield Scott as it advanced on Mexico City. About five hundred yards from the northern extremity of the mills is the Casa Mata, another strong stone building. The Miriam and Ira D. Wallach Division of Art, Prints and Photographs: Picture Collection. The Battle of Molino del Rey was fought September 8, 1847, during the Mexican-American War (1846-1848). Copy. To the west, he stationed around 4,000 cavalry under General Juan Alvarez with the hope of striking the American flank. Free for commercial use, no attribution required. Scott's intelligence reports also suggested that the Molino was being used to cast cannon from church bells sent down from the city. five hundred yards long. Moving forward, troops led by Major General William J. Spread across the distance of this point, they were about 1,000 yards (0.91 km) west of the Castle at Chapultepec, which itself was about two miles (3 km) from th… Battle of Molino del Rey, Fought September 8th 1847. A somewhat Pyrrhic victory for Scott, no evidence was found that cannon were being manufactured in the facility. "It rises from the ancient shore of Lake Tezeuco, and was the favorite resort of the Aztec princes. Forming his men before dawn on September 8, Worth intended to spearhead his attack with a 500-man storming party led by Major George Wright. Forming his army over the coming days, Scott attacked Mexico City on September 13. Fire from Duncan's guns kept the Mexican cavalry at bay and Sumner's small force crossed the ravine to provide further protection. . Chappel, Alonzo (1828-1887) More Details Cite This Item Image ID 809201. Next to the mill complex a fort called Casa Mata protected the causeway leading to Molino del Rey. Learning of Mexican forces in a mill complex known as the Molino del Rey, Scott ordered an attack to capture the facilities as … The King's Mill is a range of stone buildings, about fifteen hundred feet in length. 1861 - 1865. Description: Battle of Molino del Rey during the Mexican-American War, painting by Carl Nebel. The Battle of Molino del Rey was one of the bloodiest engagements of the Mexican-American War. Battle of Molino del Rey. Between the mills and the Casa Mata were the 2nd light battalion, that of the Fijo the Mejico, and the 1st and 12th regiments of the line, with six pieces of artillery, under General Simeon Ramirez. Kennedy Hickman is a historian, museum director, and curator who specializes in military and naval history. 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