Credits He also had men who had taken part in Lepidus' rebellion and had fled to Sertorius in Hispania recalled. Mark Antony. This usually happened when a town could no longer endure a siege. While no one says it directly, we can assume he had a hand in Caesar's death. In this way he collected a large army ..." He also wrote that Lepidus "also made himself popular with the common people, as the defender of the people's freedom, by bestowing many gifts on them, both publicly and individually. She was related to Lucius Appuleius Saturninus. Florus thought that this would have been fair if he had done this without destabilising Rome. Pompey then marched against Lepidus' rear catching him near Cosa, but although he defeated him Lepidus was still able to embark part of his army and retreat to Sardinia.[21]. Julius Caesar. Antony has a paper with names on it and he says, "These many, then, shall die; their names are pricked" (4.1.1). Lepidus agrees, on the condition that Mark Antony's nephew is also killed for being involved in the assassination. ANTONY This is a slight unmeritable man, Meet to be sent on errands: is it fit, The three-fold world divided, he should stand ) He asserted that Sicily should be absorbed into his sphere of influence. In Julius Caesar, Antony is already thinking about getting rid of Lepidus… He was prevented from entering Rome, so he prepared his army for battle. [3] Pliny the Elder thought that he had the most beautiful house in Rome, with marble thresholds and shields with the battle scenes of Troy. Lepidus was expelled from Italy and went to Sardinia. [2] In 77 BC, when he was recalled from his proconsulship of Gaul, he returned to Rome at the head of an army and an armed conflict erupted. page for info on data we are building upon. Two members of his family had been governors in Sicily in 218 BC and 191 BC respectively. [26] In the Perochiae, Lepidus was expelled from Italy by Catulus and died in Sardinia "where he had, in vain, tried to stir up a war. Lepidus was to become Consul and was confirmed as Pontifex Maximus. (in short "QFG") under the supervision of senior executive editor Gravity. However, a few sentences later he wrote that it was his army which switched sides. LEPIDUS I do consent--OCTAVIUS Prick him down, Antony. There was a battle with Catulus near Campus Martius. Pompey was criticised because when the enemy surrendered he wrote to the senate that Brutus had surrendered to him of his own accord. Lucius, with superior forces, easily took the city. [7] We do not know when this happened. The brief alliance in power of Caesar and Lepidus came to a sudden end when Caesar was assassinated on March 15 44 BC (the Ides of March). Prick him down, Antony. He was probably aedile while Sulla was in Greece fighting the First Mithridatic War. He fell ill and “died of despondency, which was due, as we are told, not to the loss of his cause, but to his coming accidentally upon a writing from which he discovered that his wife was an adulteress.”[20] The Brutus in question was Marcus Junius Brutus the Elder, the father of Marcus Junius Brutus the Younger, one of the leaders of the plot to assassinate Julius Caesar. Lepidus had in fact already reached the peak of his power. Alain Gowing has also argued that his actions in Sicily, though “futile”, were no more than an “attempt to regain a position from which he had been unfairly thrust.”. LEPIDUS Upon condition Publius shall not live, Who is your sister's son, Mark Antony. The Tragedy of Julius Caesar (First Folio title: The Tragedie of Ivlivs Cæsar) is a history play and tragedy by William Shakespeare first performed in 1599. Therefore, it might be that at the beginning of this conflict Rome had no consuls and that they were elected late on during the conflict or afterwards, Pliny the Elder wrote that when Lepidus died, his body was ejected from the funeral pyre by the force of the flames and he was cremated naked on other faggots. Modern writers have often been equally dismissive. [19], In Plutarch's account, Lepidus was opposed by his fellow consul, Quintus Lutatius Catulus, who was supported by the Roman senate (in the civil wars Sulla had been a supporter of the senatorial aristocracy against the Marians who espoused the cause of the common people). With the triumvirs in possession of overwhelming numerical superiority, Decimus Brutus’ remaining forces melted away, leaving the triumvirs in complete control of the western provinces. This database, Antony then sends Lepidus to obtain Caesar's will so that they can reduce some of the bequests. Though he was an able military commander and proved a useful partisan of Caesar, Lepidus has always been portrayed as the weakest member of the triumvirate. Lepidus successfully negotiated an agreement with Sextus that maintained the peace. Lepidus was allotted the military command of the province of Gallia Transalpina. Meanwhile, Pompey had penned up Marcus Junius Brutus, one of Lepidus's commanders, in Mutina. I do consent— 2. PLAY. Antony thinks Lepidus is weak, so it's a shame that he'll be sharing power with Antony and Octavius in the triumvirate. Cicero condemned Lepidus for “wickedness and sheer folly” after he allowed his forces to join with Mark Antony’s after Antony’s initial defeat at the Battle of Mutina. Spell. He fled to Etruria. Legal Notice He, Mark Antony, and Marcus Lepidus formed the Second Triumvirate to defeat the assassins of Caesar. Caesar and the Senate were sufficiently impressed by Lepdius’s judicial mixture of negotiation and surgical military action that they granted him a Triumph. They pers… In Appian's account there is no mention of Brutus, Pompey and Gaul. These views are reflected in Shakespeare’s portrayal of Lepidus in Julius Caesar, in which Antony describes him as “a slight, unmeritable man, meet to be sent on errands”, comparable to a donkey required to bear burdens. STUDY. Lepidus soon became one of Julius Caesar’s greatest supporters. He negotiated a deal with the rebel leader, quaestor Marcellus, and helped defeat an attack by the Mauretanian king Bogud. Lepidus had to plead with his former enemy Lucius Saenius Balbinus to grant her bail. Antony, Octavius and Lepidus have banded together in a counter-conspiracy to destroy the men who killed Caesar. Lepidus agrees to the death of his brother if Antony will agree to allow his nephew to be killed. PLAY. Antony declares Lepidus “a barren-spirited fellow, one that feeds / On objects, arts, and imitations”; he reproaches Octavius, saying, “Do not talk of him / But as a property,” that is, as a mere instrument for the furtherance of their own goals (IV.i. Lepidus departs, and Antony asks Octavius if Lepidus is a worthy enough man to rule Rome with him and Octavius. According to Cicero, he groaned, turned away and had tears in his eyes. Granius Licinianus, Grani Liciniani Quae Supersunt (Classic Reprint)( inLatin), Forgotten Books, 2018: Plutarch, Parallel Lives: Agesilaus and Pompey, Pelopidas and Marcellus (Loeb Classical Library), Loeb, 1989: Sallust, Catiline's War, The Jugurthine War, Histories: WITH The Jugurthine War, Penguin Classics, 2007; This page was last edited on 23 September 2020, at 15:56. STUDY. 3 Educator answers. 40.). Caesar appears to have had greater confidence in Lepidus than in Mark Antony to keep order in Rome, after Antony’s inflammatory actions led to disturbances in 47 BC. A distant relative of Julius Caesar who is collaborating with Antony and Lepidus for the takeover of Rome. However, Catulus and Pompey had already occupied the Milvian bridge and the Janiculum Hill. His maternal great-uncle Julius Caesar was assassinated in 44 BC, and Octavius was named in Caesar's will as his adopted son and heir. Created by. Lepidus also obtained the post of Pontifex Maximus. The Chronicle of the Fall of the Roman Empire Lepidus as triumvir (Weigel, Lepidus: The Tarnished Triumvir, p. He added: "when weapons were brought together and Catulus was not slower ...[missing text]... Where anyone seemed to be near him as he went beside the coast and the lake, he avoided the tops of the mountains. [15] The colony Sulla established in Etruria was at Faesulae. Lepidus had mobilised support in a large part of Italy and sent Marcus Junius Brutus to hold Gallia Cisalpina with an army. Neither writers mentioned any battles near Rome. Lepidus and Antony both spoke in the Senate the following day, accepting an amnesty for the assassins in return for preservation of their offices and Caesar’s reforms. In an entry in the chronological tables of St. Jerome Hieronymus, it is stated that Lepidus was declared a public enemy.[24]. After the defeat of Antony in 30 BC, Lepidus’ son Lepidus the Younger was involved in a conspiracy to assassinate Octavian, but the plot was discovered by Gaius Maecenas. Antony, Octavius, and Lepidus form a political alliance and take of the rule of Rome as a triumvirate after Caesar's death. After this Lepidus was given six of Antony’s legions to govern Africa. The Senate instructed Octavian to hand over control of the troops to Decimus Brutus, but he refused. Julius Caesar - Act IV. In Florus' account, Lepidus also wanted to repeal Sulla's acts. Lepidus appears to have been genuinely shocked when Antony provocatively offered Caesar a crown at the Lupercalia festival, an act that helped to precipitate the conspiracy to kill Caesar. Octavius tells Lepidus that his brother must be killed. The QFG Historical Database is a research project undertaken by [10] Pompey intervened and ensured a state funeral for the late dictator. He was gaining the upper hand, but Pompey arrived form Gaul and crushed his enemy. [31], For other people named Marcus Aemilius Lepidus, see, Brennan, T.C., The Praetorship in the Roman Republic, p. 507, Pliny the Elder, Natural History, 35.12; 36.49,109, Julius Exsuperantius, On the civil Wars of Marius, Lepidus and Sertorius, 35, St. Jerome Hieronymus, Chronological Tables, 1940, Julius Exsuperantius, On the civil Wars of Marius, Lepidus and Sertorius, 38-42, Asconius, Five detailed descriptions of speeches of Cicero, 19, https://en.wikipedia.org/w/index.php?title=Marcus_Aemilius_Lepidus_(consul_78_BC)&oldid=979928681, Short description is different from Wikidata, Wikipedia articles with WORLDCATID identifiers, Srpskohrvatski / српскохрватски, Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike License. Julius Caesar, in full Gaius Julius Caesar, (born July 12/13, 100? [5] Cicero wrote that he had not committed fraud in regard to the grain supply. Licinianus wrote: "The inhabitants of Faesulae broke into the strongholds of the veterans. By becoming pontifex maximus and triumvir he had gained a level of recognition that would preserve his name and save a very small niche for him in the history of western civilization. Write. Mark Antony and the other Caesar supporters take up the cause of avenging Caesar's assassination. with an international group of editorial assistants. Antony, however, marched towards Lepidus’s province with his remaining forces. Spell. There is no mention of Pompey. Marcus Aemilius Lepidus (c. 121 – 77 BC) was a Roman statesman and general. [18] In the following year there were disturbances in Etruria. Octavian, now known as “Augustus”, is said to have belittled him by always asking for his vote last. He drew his information from one of the speeches of Cicero. [6], Pliny the Elder noted that Lepidus divorced his wife Appuleia. Sallust wrote that Lepidus' actions led to the interrex Appius Claudius and the proconsul Catulus to be ordered to protect the city. "[27], The entry in Livy's Periochae also seems to indicate that it was Catulus who ended the conflict. [15], In 77 BC, when Lepidus had left for his proconsular command (he was allocated the provinces of Cisalpine and Transalpine Gaul to the north of Italy), his political opponents moved against him. Lepidus was forced to flee to Octavian’s camp. He was the son of a prominent politician (d. c. 77 bc) of the same name. Why does Antony send Lepidus to Caesar's house to get the will? [9] When Sulla died in the same year, Lepidus tried to prevent the body from being buried in state on the Campus Martius. Lepidus’s biographer Richard D. Weigel says that he has been typically caricatured by both ancient and modern historians as “weak, indecisive, fickle, disloyal and incompetent”. Lepidus was rewarded with the consulship in 46 BC after the defeat of the Pompeians in the East. [29] The interrex was an official who was appointed when difficult disputes made holding elections exceedingly difficult. Marcus Aemilius Lepidus, Roman statesman, one of the triumvirs who ruled Rome after 43. Caesar had dined at Lepidus’ house the night before his murder. During the Social War Lepidus fought in northern Italy under Pompeius Strabo, who was consul in 89 BC. Weigel argues that these views are coloured by evidence that was in large part politically motivated, and that Lepidus’s career was no more perfidious or inconsistent than that of the other major players in the power struggles at the time. Léonie Hayne says that he acted “skillfully and consistently in support of Antony and (indirectly) of the Caesarian faction”. Octavian was the only surviving commander of the forces that had defeated Antony at Mutina (modern Modena). An excellent soldier if not the most intelligent of men, he becomes the third ruler of Rome along with Octavius and Antony after Caesar’s death. His task was to find solutions which made it possible to call an election. LEPIDUS What, shall I find you here? (Lepidus wants to know if they will : still be "here"—maybe Antony's house—when he : OCTAVIUS: returns.) ANTONY He shall not live; look, with a spot I damn him. Appian was also referring to this when he wrote that Lepidus, wanted to restore the land which Sulla had taken from the Italians to gain their favour. Granius Licinianus wrote that Lepidus passed a corn law without opposition (it provided a corn allowance of five modii for the people) and made many other promises: to recall the exiles, to rescind the acts of Sulla, and to restore to its owners the land which had been used for military colonies. Later historians were particularly critical of him for agreeing to the death of his brother Lucius Paullus, a supporter of Cicero. When the Perusine War broke out in 41 BC, Octavian tasked Lepidus with the defence of Rome against Lucius Antonius, Mark Antony’s brother. Lepidus was sent to negotiate with him. However, the Periochae was a collection of very brief summaries of the contents of Livy's works and its editor might have missed references to Pompey out. Lepidus was defeated and went to Sardinia, "where he died of a wasting disease. Learn. Write. Lepidus thereafter administered both Hispania and Narbonese Gaul. When he refused to return they declared him an enemy of the state and passed a Consultum Ultimum (a.k.a. Match. . "[17], In one of the fragments of the work of Sallust which have survived, he wrote that there were suspicions that Lepidus was stirring Etruria to revolt and in another passage he mentioned a Tuscan (Etruscan) conspiracy. He started his cursus honorum as a praetor in 49 BC, was placed in charge of Rome while Caesar defeated Pompey in Spain,[3] and was rewarded with the consulship in 46 BC after the defeat of the Pompeians in the East. He wrote that "Lepidus gathered together the dispossessed, whose land had been taken over by Sulla after his victory to make new colonies for his soldiers, and also the children of the proscribed. Marcus Aemilius Lepidus (/ ˈ l ɛ p ɪ d ə s /; c. 89 BC – late 13 or early 12 BC) was a Roman general and statesman who formed the Second Triumvirate alongside Octavian and Mark Antony during the final years of the Roman Republic.Lepidus had previously been a close ally of Julius Caesar.He was also the last Pontifex Maximus before the Roman Empire.. [14] With regard to the land, before retiring from political life in 79 BC, Sulla confiscated land from the locals in Campania and Etruria to grant allotments to his veterans who then established a colony (a Roman settlement outside Roman territory). While some scholars have endorsed this view, others argue that the evidence is insufficient to discount the distorting effects of propaganda by his opponents, principally Cicero and, later, Augustus. The younger Lepidus was executed, but the former triumvir himself was left unmolested. Holland, Tom, Rubicon: The Triumph and Tragedy of the Roman Republic, Abacus, 2004, ISBN 0-349-11563-X, 316. —Upon condition Publius shall not live, Who is your sister’s son, Mark Antony. [25], Asconius Pedianus and an entry in Livy's Periochae also mentioned a conflict in Sardinia. Key Concepts: Terms in this set (15) What are Antony, Octavius, and Lepidus doing at the opening of the scene? kjones12345. Take the quiz to go over things like the role of Lepidus in the play and where he goes once Caesar is killed. Lepidus had been the first to land troops in Sicily and had captured several of the main towns. He is present at Caesar’s death, and flees from it. ANTONY. Or here, or at the Capitol. Their works, too, have survived only in fragments. He shall not live; look, with a spot I damn him. His brother was Lucius Aemilius Lepidus Paullus. Speeches (Lines) for Lepidus in "Julius Caesar" Total: 3. print/save view. But, Lepidus, go you to Caesar's house; Fetch the will hither, and we shall determine : How to cut off some charge in legacies. When Antony attempted to take control of Cisalpine Gaul (northern Italy) by force and displace Decimus Brutus, the Senate led by Cicero called on Lepidus to support Brutus – one of Caesar’s killers. "[13] Sending Lepidus for Caesar’s will, Antony expresses contempt for Lepidus and plans with Octavius to raise an army to fight the troops of Brutus and Cassius. [16], Something Julius Exsuperantius wrote suggests that Lepidus probably wanted to restore the land confiscated both from the Italians and with the proscriptions. "[14] The mountains Licinianus referred to must have been in Etruria. He then retired to Sardinia, "where he died of disease and sorrow of mind. The project's main effort is to survey ancient and modern texts and to extract excerpts describing various relevant events for analysis and mapping. John Hazel, Who’s Who in the Roman World, Routledge, London, 2001. Such a demand would destabilise Rome. As soon as Lepidus has gone, Antony begins to talk trash about him. There two men had military commands as proconsuls. In the event of a defeat, Lepidus’ territories would provide a fall-back position. [22] Brutus eventually surrendered. "QFG:COF" Perpenna, who had joined the rebellion, went to Spain (with the remnant of the rebel forces) to avoid punishment and joined Quintus Sertorius in the Sertorian War. Lepidus and Junia Secunda had at least one child, Marcus Aemilius Lepidus the Younger. It is likely that the factional conflict that split Rome made the election of new consuls difficult. He appears to have encouraged the Romanisation of Thibilis in Numidia and to have demolished illicit extensions to Carthage so that the formally cursed area of the old city, destroyed after the Third Punic War, was not built upon. However, he refused to restore the power of the plebeian tribunes which had been curbed by Sulla's laws (see article on Sulla). With all the details worked out, Lepidus is … emsere. Appian, The civil Wars, Book 1, Kessinger Publishing, 2009; Asconius: Commentaries on Speeches of Cicero (Clarendon Ancient History), Oxford University Press, U.S.A., 1993; Florus, Epitome of Roman History (Loeb Classical Library), Loeb, 1929; ASIN: B01A6506H0. Lepidus negotiated an agreement with him, while claiming to the Senate that he had no choice. 36 – 40). LEPIDUS. [11] Lepidus gathered the remnants of the weakened Marian faction (see Sulla's first and Sulla's second civil war), and those who had escaped Sulla's proscriptions.[12]. He was the father of the triumvir Marcus Aemilius Lepidus and of one of the consuls for 50 BC Lucius Aemilius Lepidus Paullus. Lepidus is sent to collect Caesar's will, to see if they can divert some of his money their way. During these operations, Lepidus then fell ill and died. Octavius has interacted with Lepidus as if he will have an equal share of power with them In what way is Antony's behavior toward Lepidus similar to his manipulation of the crowd at Caesar's funeral? OPTIONS: Show cue speeches • Show full speeches # Act, Scene, Line (Click to see in context) Speech text: 1. He became the third member of the Second Triumvirate, which was recognized in November 43 by the People's Assembly (Lex Titia). He would assume control of Rome while they were away. [30], Julius Caesar, who was a Marian and had fled Rome during Sulla's persecution, returned to Rome because of the rebellion Lepidus was planning. They formed the Second Triumvirate, legalized with the name of Triumvirs for Confirming the Republic with Consular Power (Triumviri Rei Publicae Constituendae Consulari Potestate) by the Lex Titia of 43 BC. He had family ties to this province. Spending the rest of his life in obscurity, Lepidus was apparently allowed to return to Rome periodically to participate in some senate business. But, Lepidus, go you to Caesar’s house; Fetch the will hither, and we shall determine How to cut off some charge in legacies. shall . Octavian accused Lepidus of attempting to usurp power and fomenting rebellion. Lepidus married Junia Secunda, sister of Marcus Junius Brutus and Junia Tertia, Cassius Longinus’s wife. (in short In Plutarch's account, Pompey undertook a long siege of Brutus in Mutina. A friend of Caesar. [8], Lepidus was elected consul for the year 78 BC. Octavian sent him into exile in Circeii. Antony suggests that, as a way of saving money, they examine Caesar’s will to see if they can redirect some of his funds. Lepidus was defeated in a battle at the Milvian bridge[23] and then declared an enemy of the senate. While in Spain Lepidus was called upon to act to quell a rebellion against Quintus Cassius Longinus, governor of neighbouring Hispania Ulterior. He also wanted to return the estates which had been confiscated from the men Sulla had executed and sold to private individuals (the proscriptions). the Ultimate Decree) which called on the interrex Appius Claudius and the proconsul Quintus Lutatius Catulusto take necessary measures to preserve public safety. "[15], In Florus' account, which has survived only in fragments, after having destabilised the city when he was a consul, Lepidus went to Etruria, gathered an army and marched on Rome. However, he refused to join him because the outlook was less promising than he had thought and because he did not think that Lepidus was a good leader. They are marking off names of men who are condemned to death. Pompey, invested as a legate with propraetorial powers, quickly recruited an army from among his veterans and threatened Lepidus, who had marched his army to Rome, from the north. One of the ringleaders of the conspiracy, Gaius Cassius Longinus, had argued for the killing of Lepidus and Mark Antony as well, but Marcus Junius Brutus had overruled him, saying the action was an execution and not a political coup. He secured Caesar’s appointment as dictator, a position Caesar used to get himself elected as Consul, resigning the dictatorship after eleven days. Exsuperantius also mentioned a battle which was fought in Etruria. Caesarian side during the Social War Lepidus fought in northern Italy under Pompeius Strabo, is! 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