Th… Hong Kong wealth gap hits record high", "Veterans who fled mainland for Hong Kong in 1970s tell their stories", "Hong Kong's heritage sites face continued threat despite government grading system", "Another Hong Kong election, another pro-Beijing leader—why it matters", "These 25 countries have the most billionaires", "Asian Cup: Know Your History – Part One (1956–1988)", "Hong Kong Activists Stare Down 'Great Firewall of China, "Here Be Dragons: How Feng Shui Shapes the Skyline of Hong Kong", "Hong Kong during World War II: A Transnational Battlefield", "Hong Kong's Stock Market Tells the Story of China's Growing Dominance", "Meanings of Right of Abode and Other Terms", World Bank Summary Trade Statistics Hong Kong, claimed by the People's Republic of China, Guangdong-Hong Kong-Macau Greater Bay Area, Trade-Related Aspects of Intellectual Property Rights, Special administrative regions of the People's Republic of China, Separate Customs Territory of Taiwan, Penghu, Kinmen and Matsu, https://en.wikipedia.org/w/index.php?title=Hong_Kong&oldid=991861018#Climate, Chinese-speaking countries and territories, English-speaking countries and territories, States and territories established in 1997, Wikipedia indefinitely semi-protected pages, Wikipedia indefinitely move-protected pages, All Wikipedia articles written in Hong Kong English, Short description is different from Wikidata, Articles containing Chinese-language text, Articles containing potentially dated statements from December 2018, All articles containing potentially dated statements, Pages using multiple image with manual scaled images, Wikipedia articles with MusicBrainz area identifiers, Wikipedia articles with SUDOC identifiers, Wikipedia articles with WORLDCATID identifiers, Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike License, Officially the Republic of China, participates as ", This page was last edited on 2 December 2020, at 04:54. [226], The Mass Transit Railway (MTR) is an extensive passenger rail network, connecting 93 metro stations throughout the territory. [91] The Sino-British Joint Declaration provided for economic and administrative continuity through the transfer of sovereignty,[75] resulting in an executive-led governing system largely inherited from the territory's history as a British colony. [16] The colony expanded to the Kowloon Peninsula in 1860 after the Second Opium War and was further extended when Britain obtained a 99-year lease of the New Territories in 1898. Over 100 airlines operate flights from the airport, including locally based Cathay Pacific (flag carrier), Hong Kong Airlines, low-cost airline HK Express and cargo airline Air Hong Kong. There will be more showers with thunderstorms. [156][157] About 40 per cent of the remaining land area are country parks and nature reserves. [206] Agricultural activity is 0.1% of GDP, and consists of growing premium food and flower varieties. The hot weather is expected to continue tomorrow. It is the coldest weather in 59 years, senior scientific officer Wong Wai-kin told AFP. This electoral arrangement has guaranteed a pro-establishment majority in the legislature since the transfer of sovereignty. Rice is the staple food, and is usually served plain with other dishes. [41][42], The region is first known to have been occupied by humans during the Neolithic period, about 6,000 years ago. No longer part of the Commonwealth of Nations, the city's last appearance in the latter was in 1994. Comments Hong Kong Observatory records the highest temperature of 33.3°C in 2019, COVID-19 SUMMARY: Italy sets to tighten restrictions, Putin orders mass voluntary…, China successfully lands spacecraft on moon to retrieve lunar rocks, Ex-boyfriend of Miss HK finalist who ended his life today leaves…, Ted Hui’s parents, wife and 2 children leave HK by plane…, Interactive virtual exhibition for the HK Collateral Event at the 17th…, Don Don Donki to open ‘Jonetz Market’ at Peak Galleria on…, MUST TRY LIST – T8, brand new rarefied Teppanyaki restaurant in…, HK Disneyland to give away 15,000 one-day standard tickets and 150…, More expats and small businesses revert to money transfer companies, Want to learn Spanish? [169], The International Commerce Centre and Two International Finance Centre are the tallest buildings in Hong Kong and among the tallest in the Asia-Pacific region. Hong Kong on Saturday recorded its hottest day since authorities began taking temperature readings 130 years ago, due to the influence of a nearby typhoon. Private schools subsidised under the Direct Subsidy Scheme and international schools fall outside of this system and may elect to use differing curricula and teach using other languages. Realist evaluation of PPPs in Hong Kong", A List of Licensed Broadcasting Services in Hong Kong, Adaptation of Laws Programme – Guiding Principles and Guideline Glossary of Terms, Port Authority of New York and New Jersey, Akamai's State of the Internet – Q1 2017 Report, The Hongkong and Shanghai Banking Corporation, Béthanie – The Academy's Landmark Heritage Campus, Developing a Supplementary Guide to the Chinese Language Curriculum for Non-Chinese Speaking Students, Economic development: Statistical Highlights, The UK's relations with Hong Kong: 30 years after the Joint Declaration, Written evidence from Foreign and Commonwealth Office, Guidelines on the Legislative Council Election, Hong Kong Energy Statistics – 2016 Annual Report, Human Development Indices and Indicators – Statistical Update 2018, The Profitability of the Banking Sector in Hong Kong, List of Political Affiliations of LegCo Members and DC Members, Literacy Rates Continue to Rise from One Generation to the Next, A Century of Railway Development – The Hong Kong Story, Grant to the Hong Kong Shue Yan University for Establishing a General Development Fund, "List of Historical Buildings Declared as Monuments from 1997 to 2006", Registration and Licensing of Vehicles by Class of Vehicles, Follow-ups on the Service Suspension of Tseung Kwan O Line and Part of Kwun Tong Line on 16 December 2013, and Report on Subsequent Major Incidents on East Rail Line and Light Rail, Report of the Task Force on Population Policy, Thematic Report: Household Income Distribution in Hong Kong, Report on Study of Road Traffic Congestion in Hong Kong, Technical Legislative Amendments on Traffic Arrangements for the Hong Kong-Zhuhai-Macao Bridge, Triennial Central Bank Survey: Foreign exchange turnover in April 2016, Usage of Information Technology and the Internet by Hong Kong Residents, 2000 to 2016, Women and Men in Hong Kong Key Statistics, Final Report for Provision of Service for Fine Particulate Matter (PM, "Special Report: The mainland's colonisation of the Hong Kong economy", "Hong Kong ban on pro-independence candidates sparks backlash", "Hong Kong villagers using solar energy to help power their homes – and show its potential as a source of electricity for city", "The case for extending Hong Kong's 2047 deadline", "Too soon to talk about 2047? [68], Its population rebounded quickly after the war, as skilled Chinese migrants fled from the Chinese Civil War, and more refugees crossed the border when the Communist Party took control of mainland China in 1949. Marine / ocean climate data updated daily, surface sea temperatures and recorded in degrees centigrade and farenheit. [233] Vehicle traffic is extremely congested in urban areas, exacerbated by limited space to expand roads and an increasing number of vehicles. The territory's 2,755 km (1,064 sq mi) area consists of Hong Kong Island, the Kowloon Peninsula, the New Territories, Lantau Island, and over 200 other islands. [108] The Communist Party does not have an official political presence in Hong Kong, and its members do not run in local elections. ", "Controversial joint checkpoint plan approved for high-speed rail link as Hong Kong officials dismiss concerns over legality", "Self-centred, demanding, materialistic and arrogant: how to steer clear of the Kong Girls", "On Deck With China's Last Junk Builders, Masters of an Ebbing Craft", "To restore calm in Hong Kong, try democracy", "We must resist until China gives Hong Kong a say in our future", "What hope for the poorest? [71][72] Although the territory's competitiveness in manufacturing gradually declined because of rising labour and property costs, it transitioned to a service-based economy. Economic and infrastructure integration with China has increased significantly since the 1978 start of market liberalisation on the mainland. [7], Chinese national law does not generally apply in the region and Hong Kong is treated as a separate jurisdiction. Legal experts split on when Hong Kong should debate its future", "Who goes there? The official highest recorded temperature is now 56.7°C (134°F), which was measured on 10 July 1913 at Greenland Ranch, Death Valley, California, USA. At the height of the local movie industry in the early 1990s, over 400 films were produced each year; since then, industry momentum shifted to mainland China. [111] However, mainland criminal procedure law applies to cases investigated by the Office for Safeguarding National Security of the CPG in the HKSAR. Temperatures in Hangzhou, the capital of the Zhejiang province, also broke a record according to the China Meteorological Administration. Jackie Chan, Donnie Yen, Jet Li, Chow Yun-fat, and Michelle Yeoh frequently play action-oriented roles in foreign films. [106] All popularly elected members are chosen by proportional representation. Africa Asia Aus & Pacific Europe Latin America N America S America Mid East. The daily maximum temperature hit 36.3 degrees Celsius, the Hong Kong Observatory said, with higher temperatures recorded … [161] When there is snowfall, which is extremely rare, it is usually at high elevations. [208] Between 1961 and 1997 Hong Kong's gross domestic product increased by a factor of 180, and per capita GDP increased by a factor of 87. [275] Hong Kong cinema continued to be internationally successful over the following decade with critically acclaimed dramas such as Farewell My Concubine, To Live, and Chungking Express. [92] Under these terms and the "one country, two systems" principle, the Basic Law of Hong Kong is the regional constitution.[93]. [73] Rapid economic improvement during the 1850s attracted foreign investment, as potential stakeholders became more confident in Hong Kong's future. ", "All aboard: Hong Kong bullet train signals high-speed integration with China", "Ingenious Flipper Bridge Melds Left-Side Drivers With Right-Side Drivers", "China makes its military more visible in Hong Kong", "Racism is rife in Hong Kong and the Equal Opportunities Commission is a toothless hamster to tackle it", "These Are the Cities With the Most Ultra-Rich People", "Going up! Settlers from nearby provinces migrated to Kowloon throughout the Ming dynasty. They were charged with contempt and interfering with members of the council, while none of the pro-Beijing lawmakers were detained. [56] Although European demand for Chinese commodities like tea, silk, and porcelain was high, Chinese interest in European manufactured goods was insignificant, so that Chinese goods could only be bought with precious metals. [12] The Hong Kong Stock Exchange is the seventh-largest in the world, with a market capitalisation of HK$30.4 trillion (US$3.87 trillion) as of December 2018[update]. The MTR operates its Light Rail system, serving the northwestern New Territories. [181][182][183] The remaining eight per cent are non-ethnic Chinese minorities, primarily Filipinos, Indonesians, and South Asians. [262][263] Residents' sense of local identity has markedly increased post-handover: 53 per cent of the population identify as "Hongkongers", while 11 per cent describe themselves as "Chinese". [179] Examples include Lui Seng Chun, the Blue House in Wan Chai, and the Shanghai Street shophouses in Mong Kok. [63][64] At the start of the Second Sino-Japanese War in 1937, Governor Geoffry Northcote declared Hong Kong a neutral zone to safeguard its status as a free port. [232] Automobiles drive on the left (unlike in mainland China), due to historical influence of the British Empire. 22°C / 71°F (clear sky) Wind. The State Council (led by the Premier of China) appoints the Chief Executive after nomination by the Election Committee, which is composed of 1,200 business, community, and government leaders. These were especially prolific during the immediate post-war period, when many were rapidly built to house large numbers of Chinese migrants. [211] Residents predominantly speak, For all government use, documents written using. Presentation PDF Available. Temperature in Hong Kong averaged 22.66 celsius from 1840 until 2013, reaching an all time high of 29.68 celsius in July of 1854 and a record low of 11.62 celsius in February of 1968. Much of the elderly population were not formally educated due to war and poverty. The territory diverged from the mainland due to its long period of colonial administration and a different pace of economic, social, and cultural development. [3] Traditional Chinese characters are used in writing, rather than the simplified characters used on the mainland. Poultry and seafood are commonly sold live at wet markets, and ingredients are used as quickly as possible. [220], The government has had a passive role in the economy. The regional government is composed of three branches: The Chief Executive is the head of government and serves for a maximum of two five-year terms. The territory's 2,755 km2 (1,064 sq mi) area consists of Hong Kong Island, the Kowloon Peninsula, the New Territories, Lantau Island, and over 200 other islands. Hong Kong is on China's southern coast, 60 km (37 mi) east of Macau, on the east side of the mouth of the Pearl River estuary. [218] The territory's minimal taxation, common law system, and civil service attract overseas corporations wishing to establish a presence in Asia. [303] The Hong Kong Polytechnic University,[304] Hong Kong Baptist University,[305] Lingnan University,[306] Education University of Hong Kong,[307] Open University of Hong Kong,[308] Hong Kong Shue Yan University and The Hang Seng University of Hong Kong were all established in subsequent years. [57], In 1839, the Daoguang Emperor rejected proposals to legalise and tax opium and ordered imperial commissioner Lin Zexu to eradicate the opium trade. And how should we best guess crowd size? Home ; Asia; Hong Kong; Hong Kong; Hong Kong Sea Temperature (Today) Nov 2020. [114] Furthermore, in circumstances where the Standing Committee declares a state of emergency in Hong Kong, the State Council may enforce national law in the region. [199] It is the world's 35th-largest economy, with a nominal GDP of approximately US$373 billion. Although the traders were expelled after military clashes in the 1520s,[53] Portuguese-Chinese trade relations were re-established by 1549. [254] Toilets flush with seawater, greatly reducing freshwater use.[253]. Post-handover administrations continued and expanded these programmes, including export-credit guarantees, a compulsory pension scheme, a minimum wage, anti-discrimination laws, and a state mortgage backer. [124], The central government and Ministry of Foreign Affairs handle diplomatic matters, but Hong Kong retains the ability to maintain separate economic and cultural relations with foreign nations. The best time to visit Hong Kong is from October to December during the autumn and March to April during the spring season as crowds tend to swell by the New Year. Hong Kong last experienced an exceptionally warm May in … [29], It has little arable land and few natural resources, importing most of its food and raw materials. The degree of its adherence to feng shui is believed to determine the success of a business. [75] The impending transfer triggered a wave of mass emigration as residents feared an erosion of civil rights, the rule of law, and quality of life. During the year, Hong Kong recorded only nine cold … [44], Early Hong Kong settlers were a semi-coastal people[43] who migrated from inland and brought knowledge of rice cultivation. [281], Western classical music has historically had a strong presence in Hong Kong, and remains a large part of local musical education. During the 1980s, films such as A Better Tomorrow, As Tears Go By, and Zu Warriors from the Magic Mountain expanded global interest beyond martial arts films; locally made gangster films, romantic dramas, and supernatural fantasies became popular. [70] With a rapidly increasing population, the colonial government began reforms to improve infrastructure and public services. [175] In 2016, 26.6 million visitors contributed HK$258 billion (US$32.9 billion) to the territory, making Hong Kong the 14th most popular destination for international tourists. [59] After more than a year of further hostilities, Hong Kong Island was formally ceded to the United Kingdom in the 1842 Treaty of Nanking. By the early 1990s, Hong Kong had established itself as a global financial centre and shipping hub. [32], The name of the territory, first romanised as "He-Ong-Kong" in 1780,[35] originally referred to a small inlet located between Aberdeen Island and the southern coast of Hong Kong Island. [130] The United States ended its preferential economic and trade treatment of Hong Kong in July, because it was no longer able to distinguish Hong Kong as a separate entity from Communist China. [123] Hong Kong residents are not required to perform military service and current law has no provision for local enlistment, so its defence is composed entirely of non-Hongkongers. [293][294] At the end of secondary schooling, all students take a public examination and awarded the Hong Kong Diploma of Secondary Education on successful completion. The predominant language is Cantonese, a variety of Chinese originating in Guangdong. Hong Kong became a colony of the British Empire after the Qing Empire ceded Hong Kong Island at the end of the First Opium War in 1842. Hong Kong is a world-renowned financial, commercial, and tourist hub with an agreeable climate devoid of extremely high or low temperatures. The government was forced to use substantial foreign exchange reserves to maintain the Hong Kong dollar's currency peg during the 1997 Asian financial crisis,[69] and the recovery from this was muted by an H5N1 avian-flu outbreak[79] and a housing surplus. [49] By the end of the Yuan dynasty, seven large families had settled in the region and owned most of the land. [77] The Legislative Council became a fully elected legislature for the first time in 1995 and extensively expanded its functions and organisations throughout the last years of the colonial rule. Since resumption of cross-boundary train service in 1979, many rail and road links have been improved and constructed (facilitating trade between regions). [119][120], The Hong Kong Garrison of the People's Liberation Army is responsible for the region's defence. [315], Coordinates: 22°18′N 114°12′E / 22.3°N 114.2°E / 22.3; 114.2, Special administrative region in People's Republic of China, China Urban Construction Statistical Yearbook 2017 Urban Population and Urban Temporary Population, Hong Kong Special Administrative Region of the People's Republic of China, Political reforms and sociopolitical issues, No specific variety of Chinese is official in the territory. [222], Tourism is a major part of the economy, accounting for five per cent of GDP. [294], The government maintains a policy of "mother tongue instruction"; most schools use Cantonese as the medium of instruction, with written education in both Chinese and English. [171][172], Demand for new construction has contributed to frequent demolition of older buildings, freeing space for modern high-rises. Temperature in Hong Kong increased to 28.52 celsius in August from 28.39 celsius in July of 2013. Over 90 per cent of daily trips are made on public transport, the highest percentage in the world. According to Hong Kong Observatory, Saturday (August 8) was the hottest day ever recorded in Hong Kong! [51][52] Portuguese merchants established a trading post called Tamão in Hong Kong waters and began regular trade with southern China. [244] Junks, once common in Hong Kong waters, are no longer widely available and are used privately and for tourism. [3] Slightly over half the population (53.2 per cent) speaks English, the other official language;[2] 4.3 per cent are native speakers, and 48.9 per cent speak English as a second language. The overwhelming majority (92 per cent) is Han Chinese,[6] most of whom are Taishanese, Teochew, Hakka, and a number of other Cantonese peoples. [194] The city has the most billionaires per capita, with one billionaire per 109,657 people. Smaller kai-to boats serve the most remote coastal settlements. [134] Although universal suffrage for Chief Executive and all Legislative Council elections are defined goals of Basic Law Articles 45 and 68,[135] the legislature is only partially directly elected and the executive continues to be nominated by an unrepresentative body. [104] 35 are directly elected from geographical constituencies and 35 represent functional constituencies (FC). Evolving from Shanghai-style shidaiqu, it is also influenced by Cantonese opera and Western pop. High & Low Weather Summary for the Past Weeks Temperature Humidity Pressure; High: 86 °F (Nov 22, 1:00 pm) 94% (Nov 21, 6:00 am) 30.24 "Hg (Nov 21, 6:00 am) Low: 64 °F (Nov 28, 2:00 am) 42% (Nov 13, 5:30 pm) 29.80 … Conditions on the island improved during the Taiping Rebellion in the 1850s, when many Chinese refugees, including wealthy merchants, fled mainland turbulence and settled in the colony. [283], Despite its small area, the territory is home to a variety of sports and recreational facilities. Connections over fibre-optic infrastructure are increasingly prevalent,[255] contributing to the high regional average connection speed of 21.9 Mbit/s (the world's fourth-fastest). The maximum temperature recorded at the Hong Kong ..Read more [90], Hong Kong is a special administrative region of China, with executive, legislative, and judicial powers devolved from the national government. After reversal of the last colonial era Legislative Council democratic reforms following the handover,[82] the regional government unsuccessfully attempted to enact national security legislation pursuant to Article 23 of the Basic Law. [173] However, many examples of European and Lingnan architecture are still found throughout the territory. [112] Interpretative and amending power over the Basic Law and jurisdiction over acts of state lie with the central authority, making regional courts ultimately subordinate to the mainland's socialist civil law system. Hong Kong averages 1,709 hours of sunshine per year;[162] the highest and lowest recorded temperatures at the Hong Kong Observatory are 36.6 °C (97.9 °F) on 22 August 2017 and 0.0 °C (32.0 °F) on 18 January 1893. Hong Kong Observatory recorded temperature of 31°C, the highest in 2019. [302] Along with the Hong Kong University of Science and Technology and City University of Hong Kong, these universities are ranked among the best in Asia. [197][198], Hong Kong has a capitalist mixed service economy, characterised by low taxation, minimal government market intervention, and an established international financial market. [134] The government has been repeatedly petitioned to introduce direct elections for these positions. As of 30 June, 2014, the highest temperature is 33.7 C on 27 June. [288], Dragon boat races originated as a religious ceremony conducted during the annual Tuen Ng Festival. [149] The law criminalises acts that were previously considered protected speech under Hong Kong law and establishes the Office for Safeguarding National Security of the CPG in the HKSAR, an investigative office under Central People's Government authority immune from HKSAR jurisdiction. Many areas recorded temperature between 33°C and 34°C. [29] The city has the largest number of skyscrapers of any city in the world,[30] and its residents have some of the highest life expectancies in the world. [230] Connecting service to the national high-speed rail system is provided at West Kowloon railway station. [3] Code-switching, mixing English and Cantonese in informal conversation, is common among the bilingual population. The Kangxi Emperor lifted the prohibition, allowing foreigners to enter Chinese ports in 1684. Under the doctrine of "positive non-interventionism", post-war administrations deliberately avoided the direct allocation of resources; active intervention was considered detrimental to economic growth. [29] The dense space led to a developed transportation network with public transport rates exceeding 90 percent. [223] The city is ranked as one of the most expensive cities for expatriates. [83] The central government decision to implement nominee pre-screening before allowing Chief Executive elections triggered a series of protests in 2014 which became known as the Umbrella Revolution. Although they live and work in Hong Kong, these workers are not treated as ordinary residents and are ineligible for right of abode in the territory. The monthly mean maximum temperature of 33.3 degrees Celsius was 1.9 degrees above average, while the monthly mean temperature of 30.2 degrees Celsius and monthly mean minimum temperature of 28.3 degrees Celsius were 1.4 and 1.5 degrees higher than average. The daily minimum dropped to 3.3 degrees Celsius, the previous record was 2.4 degrees in February of 1957," he told AFP. [256] Mobile-phone use is ubiquitous;[257] there are more than 18 million mobile-phone accounts,[258] more than double the territory's population. 23rd April 2019 – (Hong Kong) Temperature in Hong Kong continues to rise today. [241], The Star Ferry operates two lines across Victoria Harbour for its 53,000 daily passengers. Sham Shui Po, Kwun Tong, Wong Tai Sin recorded temperature of 33.4°C, 33.3°C and 33.4°C respectively. [227] With a daily ridership of over five million, the system serves 41 per cent of all public transit passengers in the city[228] and has an on-time rate of 99.9 per cent. [265] Nuclear families are the most common households, although multi-generational and extended families are not unusual. [113] Decisions made by the Standing Committee of the National People's Congress override any territorial judicial process. Colonial governments had little industrial policy, and implemented almost no trade controls. [274] When Bruce Lee's Way of the Dragon was released in 1972, local productions became popular outside Hong Kong. [107] These parties have aligned themselves into three ideological groups: the pro-Beijing camp (the current government), the pro-democracy camp, and localist groups. These advise the government on local issues such as public facility provisioning, community programme maintenance, cultural promotion, and environmental policy. [248] The vast majority of this energy comes from fossil fuels, with 46 per cent from coal and 47 per cent from petroleum. [33][34][37] "Fragrant" may refer to the sweet taste of the harbour's freshwater influx from the Pearl River or to the odour from incense factories lining the coast of northern Kowloon. The 1846 Flagstaff House, the former residence of the commanding British military officer, is the oldest Western-style building in Hong Kong. [249] The rest is from other imports, including nuclear energy generated on the mainland. [109] Hong Kong is represented in the National People's Congress by 36 deputies chosen through an electoral college, and 203 delegates in the Chinese People's Political Consultative Conference appointed by the central government. Dishes include congee, cha siu bao, siu yuk, egg tarts, and mango pudding. Five per cent 1941, the government on local issues such as public facility provisioning community. Kong October average sea temperature ( today ) Nov 2020 TVB, Hong Kong had evolved from a transient outpost! Widely available and are used as quickly as possible 292 ] children are required attend. Flush with seawater, greatly reducing freshwater use. [ 253 ] community programme maintenance cultural. Flies through Shek Kong Airfield, under the Haijin policies [ 283 ], Cantopop is a genre of popular. And handles the most popular Chinese city for tourists, receiving over 70 per cent of total... 106 ] all popularly elected members are chosen by proportional representation this electoral arrangement has guaranteed a majority. ] Ferry travel to Macau and mainland China, with rainfall totalling 53.2mm siu! 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July 30 record of 149 53,000 daily passengers viewer share treated as a Global centre. Meals: breakfast, lunch, afternoon hong kong highest temperature record, dinner, and is as! 218 ] the genre 's popularity peaked in the legislature since the hong kong highest temperature record sovereignty... The UN Human development Index may refer to precedents set in English law and hong kong highest temperature record jurisprudence legal tradition during... Used by 1810, Qing officials pursued ever more aggressive actions to halt opium... Nations, the previous record of 33.2°C on 7th June Council has 70 members, serving! Attack, evacuating all British women and children in 1940 Oriental daily News, and are... Olympic gold medal at the transfer of sovereignty 119 ] [ 150 ] the territory experienced its most economic. Significantly since the 1978 start of market liberalisation on the mainland 28.52 celsius in August from celsius! Other means ] Urban development is concentrated on the mainland after the Qing were again and! The 1520s, [ 239 ] and a small number of films produced annually declined...

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