In its natural habitat, it can exceed the height of 100 feet, but in pots, it’s quite manageable and grows up to 6-10 feet tall. Ficus elastica, as plant of the tropical regions, is cold intolerance. If you’re new to plant parenting, a rubber tree is the plant for you! Crude oil is the primary raw material used in the production of synthetic rubber. Planting in a pot reaches a height of 1.2 to 1.8 m and a width of 0.9 to 1.2 m. It is more sensitive to cold than the typical species, with a minimum resistance limit of 4.4 °C (40 °F). One of its common names, ‘India rubber tree’, refers to its former use as an economically important crop plant for rubber. Its truly impressive large leaves, green or variegated, as well as the minimal care it needs, give it to one of the most valuable plants in its class. The plant is native to Southeast Asia and is commonly grown as a hardy indoor pot plant elsewhere. In 2014, the sap is used to process rubber for a variety of uses. After the pests, the recording of the diseases follows. Diseases. Rubber Plant is another typical epiphyte plant. Causes of Rubber Tree Plant Leaves Falling Off. However, when cultivated as an indoor plant, it is recommended to always place it in extremely bright places. Whether or not to be accepted, that is, in general, another story. Don’t forget to check out why your indoor plants die often. Rubber Plant is a classic solution for interior decoration of both home and business spaces. The name of the elastica species is the Neo-Latin version of the Ancient Greek words ‘ἐλαστής, ἐλαστός’, both produced by the also Ancient Greek, ‘ἐλαύνειν, ἐλαύνω’. When native to the tropical regions of the planet can reach up to the age of 200 – not at all bad performance. It is probably easier to buy a potted plant. For this reason, it is advisable to avoid any work with the plant without to use gloves. Apart from VOCs, it also removes carbon-di-oxide and carbon monoxide from the surroundings. Is Rosemary Toxic To Cats? Fruit contains a substance called mucilage which is very helpful with a host of stomach problems such nausea, general pain or digestive problems. Learn more about rubber plant care in this article. It has become naturalized in Sri Lanka, the West Indies, and the US State of Florida. Pleistodontes claviger (Mayr, 1885). It has leathery and glossy dark dark green leaves, which initially have a bronze hue. The most common type of synthetic rubber currently in use, Buna S (styrene butadiene rubber or SBR), was developed in 1929 by the German company I.G. Rubber Plant is an evergreen tree of fast and large growth when it is in the natural state, having a height that often exceeds 25 m (82 ft). That is, the word elastica accurately attributes the capability of the plant sap (rubber) from which car tires and other similar manufactured goods can be produced. Greenery NYC 10" Rubber Plant in White Calyer Pot $173. India rubber plant, large tree of the family Moraceae, once an important source of an inferior natural rubber. Can Cats Eat Rosemary? It grows on the branches of various tropical tree species and develops aerial blastogenic roots, that penetrate the soil. Instead of having a dull and deserted balcony, use it to create a Balcony Kitchen Garden where you can grow fresh organic food. However, well-established plantshave high drought tolerance. The males consist of 4 sepals of ovate shape and bear a solitary stamen with ovoid anther. The Indian subcontinent and Southeast Asia are the cradle of Rubber Plant. This is about repotting Rubber Plants in pots as indoor plants. The females consist of 4 ovate-shaped sepals and have a short style with papillate stigma. I chose to use twine for my rubber plant since the branches I would be securing were so thick. *Don’t forget to check out these aloe vera benefits here. The leaves of the Rubber Plant are large, simple and leathery, nice green in color. They are relatively thick, acuminate at apex and have a round base. Rubber trees, formally ficus elastica, can be enjoyed as either medium-sized house plants or grown to become focal point, beautiful indoor trees. Rubber Plant (Ficus elastica) occupies a prominent place in world agricultural history, while at the same time it is an important economic cultivation. Growing rubber plant from cuttings allows you to have multiple specimens that you can keep at home and office. People with a history of asthma are likely to develop allergic reactions, when the sap get on dust particles and fly throughout the house or office. Ficus elastica is a rubber plant more commonly used for natural rubber production in the home. Ficus elastica, the rubber fig, rubber bush, rubber tree, rubber plant, or Indian rubber bush, Indian rubber tree, is a species of plant in the fig genus, native to eastern parts of South Asia and southeast Asia. It has an attractive appearance due to the creamy yellow and green hues of the leaves, the central nerve of which is slightly red. 10 Indoor Plants that Absorb CO2 at Night, 16 Indoor Plants for North Facing Windows, 11 Easiest Indoor Blooming Houseplants to Grow, 20 Unique Indoor Plants in Hanging Baskets Ideas, How to Start a Balcony Kitchen Garden | Complete Guide. In humans, on contact with the milky latex may result from simple irritation to severe dermatitis, with painful rashes. The Rubber Fig Tree, can grow to be impressive in size. Latex has been successfully used to treat five cases of trichuriasis. Because rubber does not absorb water, rubber mulch can actually help prevent fungal growth in plants. It was largely replaced as a source of rubber by the unrelated rubber tree. The Burgundy Rubber Tree is a spectacular indoor plant with thick, glossy leaves that range from a rich burgundy red to almost black. Ficus elastica (The Rubber Tree) is related to banyan trees. You can use garden tape that stretches as the plant grows; this would be a great approach for a more fragile plant, I think. Αρχική | Home » PLANTS » Botanical Description, Varieties & Utilisation of Rubber Fig Tree. Plus, these plants look utterly adorable. Rubber rabbitbrush ( Ericameria nauseosa) is a native source of latex, used in making rubber. Their shape is elongated, ovoid or elliptic, mainly arranged alternately, their length being between 8 and 30 cm (3.1-12 in) and their width between 5 and 15 cm (2-6 in). By using the appropriate fungicides the treatment of the former is from satisfactory to difficult, while the bacterium of the plant is extremely difficult to control. Rubber: Some plants give us gum like acacia, etc. In its natural niches, the average monthly upper temperature is 30 °C (86 °F), while the average annual rainfall is between 1000 and 2000 mm. Botanical Description, Varieties & Utilisation of Rubber Fig Tree, Poinsettia Care and Reflowering of the Plant, Spider Plant (Chlorophytum comosum) – Description & Uses, The Giant Sculptured Mushrooms by Carsten Höller, National Gardening Association Plants Database, Weeping Fig (Ficus benjamina) – Description & Uses, Common Myrtle or True Myrtle (Myrtus communis L.), Genus Brugmansia – Taxonomy & Description, In combination with other more or less exotic plants such as Elephant Ear (. Everything about Rubber Plants! It’s seen in many cases that houseplants initiate an allergic reaction in their … When planted in potting soil with a lot of organic matter, it won’t require supplemental feeding for a long time. Not to mention the fact that new rubber plant leaves have a shade of mahogany and green color. You have entered an incorrect email address! I think everyone should grow them. Native to the rainforests of India and South America, it can quickly adapt to common indoor temperatures. Apart from that, this feature makes this houseplant more aesthetic indoors. This technique allows you to turn the top portion of the stem into a short yet full-leaved new plant before cutting back the original plant, which will eventually regrow. Ficus elastica is exclusively pollinated by the wasp Blastophaga clavigera Mayr, 1885 – syn. The rubber plant which is grown as a houseplant is also known as the rubber fig or Indian rubber tree. Native American peoples used rubber rabbitbrush as a source of rich yellow dye for blankets and rugs and the latex as … Its foliage is very dense, has a coarse texture and an upright or rarer spreading appearance. With high temperatures, Rubber Plant’s behavior is excellent as it does not have problems. The milky sap of Rubber Plant is slightly toxic to pets. Propagate a Rubber Tree Plant with Cuttings. If your rubber plant is at … It’s hardy, easy to care for, and actually removes toxins from the air in your home! Farben. Rubber Plant as an ornamental lives from 25 to 50 years. Rubber Plant is familiar with worldwide spread as it has excellent ornamental features. Rubber Plant (Ficus elastica) – Description and Uses, Scientific name: Ficus elastica Roxb. The other sides will be covered in time, in a multitude of unique and special tributes – if we have health and time. It needs infrequent watering cycles and slightly moist soil, and little to no fertilization. In addition to decorative, it also has a functional value because it cleans the indoor air from the ever-dangerous toxic substance it hears in the name of formaldehyde. Their length is between 20 and 30 cm (8-12 in) while their width is from 12 to 15 cm (4.7-6 in). These in turn come from the Indo-European *h₁el- which means ‘to drive, set in motion, push, strike, beat out’. Rubber tree plants can grow very tall and this means an indoor rubber tree occasionally needs to be pruned.