these factors are weather, flooding, dams, channelization, etc. Determination of age. This river is actually one of the largest in the world by discharge volume. The Nile is the longest (at least according to most sources) river in the world. Until now, the headwaters of the Apurímac River were considered to be the origin of the Amazon River. According to new data, however, the source of the Yangtze River is located in the Jari Hill from where the headwaters of the Dam Qu tributary originate. The former hypothesis would have produced a shorter river, some 1,400 kilometres (870 mi) in length. According to some reports, Lake Victoria is considered to be the source of the White Nile which is, in turn, fed by the Kagera River whose two major tributaries are the Ruvyironza and the Nyabarongo rivers of Burundi and Rwanda, respectively. The varying accuracy and precision also makes it difficult to make length comparisons between different rivers without a degree of uncertainty. This is a list of the longest rivers on Earth. The next longest river in Europe, after the Volga, is the Danube, at about 1,771 miles (2,850 km). It has two tributaries, Argun and Kherlen and flows in a northeastern direction until it empties in the Pacific Ocean. Lake Itasca is believed to be the origin of the river and it begins in northern Minnesota. by Matt Plays Quiz Updated Mar 8, 2017 . It is the longest river in this region of Asia and ranks 12th among the longest rivers in the world. The river basin of the Yangtze houses one-third of the population of China, the most populated country in the world. Can you name the 25 longest rivers in the world? Nearly half of the 20 longest rivers … At 17,526 ft above sea-level, it is definitely the highest source of the Yangtze. By Oishimaya Sen Nag on July 17 2019 in Environment. The river takes drainage from a sparsely populated, semi-arid watershed of more than half a million square miles (1,300,000 km2), which includes parts of ten U.S. states and two Canadian provinces. In recent decades debate has intensified over the true source and therefore the length of the Amazon River. The Kagera is formed at the confluence of these two rivers near the Tanzania-Rwanda border. The Chang Jiang or rather the Yangzi Jiang spans a length of 6,300 kilometer’s, has a basin length of up to 1,800,000km2 and originates from the Qinghai-Tibet plateau and drains the eastern part of China shanghai. These points make it difficult, if not impossible, to get an accurate measurement of the length of a river. In Asia we get the longest river in the continent from china and basically the third longest river in the world. For example, due to 18 cutoffs created between 1766 and 1885, the length of the Mississippi River from Cairo, Illinois, to New Orleans, Louisiana, was reduced by 351 kilometres (218 miles).[9]. It is also the deepest river with a depth of approximately 230 m on earth, and it was earlier known as Zaire River. Nile River. The river eventually drains into the gulf of Mexico. According to the USGS, the length of the Nile River is 4,258 miles. Although for most of us, the answer would be the Nile River, there is a section of scholars who regard the Amazon River as the true winner of this title. Locally, it is sometimes called the Yangzi or Chan Jiang. The Mekong River meanders through Southeast Asia for around 2,700 miles. 9- Congo River, Africa. The Nile was usually said to be the longest river in the world, with a length of about 6,650 km, and the Amazon was the second longest, with a length of at least 6,400 km. Besides been the 9th amongst world’s largest rivers. Besides being one of the LONGEST rivers in the world, it also happens to be the WIDEST. In Asia we get the longest river in the continent from china and basically the third longest river in the world. Measuring the world’s longest river is actually not as simple as it sounds. When combined with the lower Mississippi River, it forms the world's fourth longest river … Popular Quizzes Today. The information in different sources is between parentheses. The Amazon is the longest river in the world, and its name comes from the many native female warriors that attacked the expedition of Francisco de Orellana in the river in 1541; they reminded him of the Amazon warrior women of ancient Greece. It flows northwards through 11 countries from Central to Northeast Africa, draining into the Mediterranean Sea at a rate of 2,800 cubic meters per second. Other factors that can change the length of a river include cycles of erosion and flooding, dams, levees, and channelization. The Amazon River is undoubtedly the largest river in the world by discharge volume of water. The need to find the furthest source of a river is there if the true length of the river has to be calculated. rivers.) Nile River, Africa. Of the top 20 longest rivers in the world, three are in Africa. 1. Brahmaputra - 2,900 km Measuring a total 3,915 miles, the Yangtze is the longest river in Asia. It is the longest river in the world as well as the longest river in Africa. World: Rivers - Map Quiz Game: There are many rivers in the world, but none quite as impressive as the Amazon. Rate 5 stars Rate 4 stars Rate 3 stars Rate 2 stars Rate 1 star . Here, we mention the five longest rivers/river systems of the world as per the accepted standards. The Angara river rises from Lake Baikal near Listvyanka and flows through the Irkutsk Oblast of Russia and finally joins the Yenisei River near Strelka. The longest rivers in the world derive from the confluence of two or more tributaries. The river is responsible for the formation of a canyon that shares the name same, called the Yarlung Tsangpo canyon, which is both the deepest and the longest canyon in the world. The Chang Jiang or rather the Yangzi Jiang spans a length of 6,300 kilometer’s, has a basin length of up to 1,800,000km2 and originates from the Qinghai-Tibet plateau and drains the eastern part of China shanghai. It includes river systems over 1,000 kilometres (620 mi). As a result, the length measurements of many rivers are only approximations (see also coastline paradox). Amur River. The Nile River is the longest river in the world which is about 7,088 km long. Flowing northward through the tropical climate of eastern Africa and into the Mediterranean Sea, the Nile river is the longest river in the world at … The Amazon is the longest river in the world, and its name comes from the many native female warriors that attacked the expedition of Francisco de Orellana in the river in 1541; they reminded him of the Amazon warrior women of ancient Greece. 1. However, it is the main source of water in two countries: Egypt and Sudan. When the length of a river is followed by an asterisk, it is an average of multiple information sources. The Nile is usually said to be the longest river in the world, with a length of about 6,650 km, CS1 maint: multiple names: authors list (, If the Meuse is considered a tributary, the Rhine basin is 218,300 km, Vaikmäe, R., Edmunds, W. M., and Manzano, M., (2001) ", Bridgland, D. R., and D'Olier, B. It is about 4,700 km long, and its drainage basin is 3,680,000 kilometers squares by the amount of water released, it is the ninth longest river … According to some sources, the Amazon River may be a bit longer. Not only is it the world’s longest river, it has the largest drainage area and the fastest discharge rate. The river has a length of 6,650 km which makes it the longest river in the world. The process is far more complicated than finding the source and the mouth then measuring the distance between them. The river is so vast that there is a different climate over its course. Traditionally, the government of China recognizes the Tuotuo tributary located in the Tanggula Mountains as the source of the river. One should take the aforementioned discussion into account when using the data in the following table. The river system comprising of the Mississippi, Missouri, and Jefferson rivers, is regarded as the world’s fourth longest river system. Germany (57.3%), Switzerland (15.1%), Netherlands (12.3%), France (12.2%). The Congo River or otherwise called Zaire River is the biggest river in Africa streams. But if the lengths from secondary information sources are similar, they are averaged and that figure has an asterisk. This is no coincidence. This Central American river is the second largest and runs through Brazil, Peru, Bolivia,... 3. The Amazon River is undoubtedly the largest river in the world by discharge volume of water. Amazon River (6,992 km). The dispute arises from the determination of the origin of the Amazon. The Yenisei finally drains into the Arctic Ocean. The Yangtze River is the third longest river on Earth. 5.Yenisei -Angara-Selenge . It flows through five countries (including the Blue Nile – six). Notice how towns and cities tend to be located next to rivers? The Gulf of Ob is the world’s longest estuary. But Measuring the length of any river is not an easy task because there are lots of factors that affect the length of the river. From its farthest stream in Burundi, it extends 6,695 km (4,160 miles) in length. The largest river in the world is either the Amazon River or Nile River, depending on how you measure it.The Nile River is the longest on Earth while the Amazon River discharges the most amount of water per second in the world. The longest river in the world is even longer than the distance from New York to Rome and is also known as Marañón and Solimões river. River length is not certain. Also called as Aur river due to the black sediment that is left behind. The two longest rivers in the world are the Nile, flowing into the Mediterranean, and … The Selenge River is regarded as the headwaters of this river system. [27] There is some debate as to whether this river would have flowed southwest into what is now the English Channel, or flowed north, emerging into the North Sea close to modern Yorkshire. It is one of the major rivers of North-East Africa. Principal Rivers of the World The following table lists the principal rivers of the world including the name, source location, outflow, and approximate length. Yangtze River (6,418 km). Amur River is one of the longest rivers in the world which flows down through Russia and China. Two origins of the Yangtze Riverhas been suggested. The river has its origin in the South America and mouth in the Atlantic Ocean. The Mekong, like the Yellow River and Yangtze River, starts in China, but then it moves south through several other countries. Rivers like the Danube, Seine, Volga and Thames are intrinsic to the character of some of our most major cities. Although most of us recognize the Nile as the lifeline of Egypt, the Nile is, in fact, an international river shared by 11 countries in Africa. All maps, graphics, flags, photos and original descriptions © 2020 worldatlas.com, The 10 Coldest Cities In The United States. Argun comes from the Mongolia region of China, where it is referred as Hailar river. The difficulty in declaring a unanimous winner lies in the fact that the determination of the headwaters or the origin of a river is often quite challenging. Generally, the age is estimated based primarily upon the age of any … Length: 4,135 miles Where? The 10 Longest Rivers in the World 1. MONUSCO/Myriam Asmani [CC BY-SA 2.0], via Wikimedia Commons The Congo River is not only one of the top 10 longest rivers in the world but also holds the crown of being the deepest river with measured depths of 720 feet in some places.This 2,922 miles long river is also the third largest on the planet by the volume of water discharged. The length may depend on whether the center or the edge of the river is measured. The world’s 6th largest river in terms of discharge, the Yenisey ranges from southern to north across the terrific area of main Siberia. SHARES. The Nile – known as ‘the father of African rivers’ is the longest river in Africa – and the world (though disputed, as mentioned above). Experts may disagree on where a river actually begins. Determining the world's longest river is not an easy task. The Yangtze River is the world’s third longest river and the longest to flow entirely within one country. In early Chinese history, this river gave sustenance to a lot of civilizations. Its longest headwater was the Selenga river of Mongolia: it drained through ice-dammed lakes and the Aral Sea and the Caspian Sea to the Black Sea. Longest rivers in the world 1. Yangtze River. Northern East Africa. It is about 4,700 km long, and its drainage basin is 3,680,000 kilometers squares by the amount of water released, it is the ninth longest river on earth. Take a look at a map of the United States or of any country in the world. A river is the greatest wellspring of water. While … These tributaries, and more join to form the mighty Yangtze River which finally drains into the East China Sea at Shanghai. The water of the Nile River is shared by 11 countries namely Tanzania, Uganda, Rwanda, Burundi, the Democratic Republic of the Congo, Kenya, Ethiopia, Eritrea, South Sudan, Sudan and Egypt. It is the longest river in this region of Asia and ranks 12th among the longest rivers in the world. Besides been the 9th amongst world’s largest rivers. The Amur River. This river then confluences with the Apurímac River (whose headwaters were earlier regarded as the source of the Amazon) and then other tributaries join the river downstream to form the Ucayali River which finally confluences with the Marañón River to form the main stem of the Amazon River. The two tributaries meet near the Sudanese capital of Khartoum. One of most important rivers in region, the Parana River is just rivaled only by Amazon River in the terms of the sheer length. 10. Because the Mississippi river system includes the Missouri river and Red river. Share Tweet. The total length covered is 3,442 miles. The Mekong River meanders through Southeast Asia for around 2,700 miles. The longest river in the world is even longer than the distance from New York to Rome and is also known as Marañón and Solimões river. The Nile River, located in Africa, is listed as being 6,853 kilometers (4,258 miles) long, and is hence commonly considered to be the longest river … Among a complex system of international waterways, the longest rivers in the world are in many ways the most noteworthy—but some items on this list may surprise you. The title of oldest continuously functioning democracy is more hotly contested. Due to the forces of nature, rivers grow or shrink over time. The river is the longest in the world to flow entirely within one country. It measures 6,695 kilometres from its source in Burundi, along the White Nile, to its delta on the Mediterranean Sea. Here are the 5 longest rivers in the world in terms of its length, along with few interesting facts about them. Differences in the recorded length of the Amazon mainly depend on whether the course south of the. Accor… It takes approximately three months for the waters near the town of Jinja, Uganda (the point where the Nile leaves Lake Victoria), to reach the Mediterranean Sea. The Amazon River is a heck of a big tributary. This African... 2. The phrase largest river is actually pretty subjective; it could mean the longest river, which could be the Amazon River or the Nile River. It is also Asia’s longest river. 10. This international river has a drainage basin that extends to 11 countries from Tanzania to... 2. This river would have been about 10,000 km (6,200 mi) long, in the last Ice Age. The waterway goes through Brazil, Colombia, and Peru; and is the biggest and longest stream in South America. It has only been since 2007 that the Amazon has been considered the longest river in the world. Although most of us recognize the Nile as the lifeline of Egypt, the Nile is, in fact, an international river shared by 11 countries in Africa. There are many factors, such as the source,[1] the identification or the definition of the mouth, and the scale of measurement[2] of the river length between source and mouth, that determine the precise meaning of "river length". Large rivers like the Nile and Amazon have numerous sources and many large and small tributaries. A river may have multiple channels, or anabranches. The Selenge River is 992 km long and drains into Lake Baikal. Its length has just been measured at over around 4,800 km. The river system which consists of the Mississipi, Missouri and the Jefferson rivers is considered one of the longest river system’s in the world. It spans a mammoth journey of 4,132 miles before the mouth meets the Mediterranean sea in the form of a huge delta in Egypt. Officially, the shortesr river is the D River, Oregan, USA, which is just 37 metres long. What Is the Longest River in the World? It is also Asia’s longest river. It is the westernmost of the three great Siberian rivers that flow into the Arctic Ocean (the other two being the Lena River and the Yenisei River). The … The third longest river in the world is the Yangtze – or as it's known in China, the Chang Jiang River. Rivers of the World: World's Longest Rivers. The river Nile in Africa is the world’s longest river. In addition, the length of meanders can change significantly over time due to natural or artificial cutoffs, when a new channel cuts across a narrow strip of land, bypassing a large river bend. The Mekong, like the Yellow River and Yangtze River, starts in China, but then it moves south through several other countries. The river system drains 31 US states and 2 Canadian provinces. The Nile is credited as the longest river in the world. This page was last edited on 2 October 2020, at 19:20. At 17,526 ft above sea-level, it is definitely the highest source of the Yangtze. Manmade obstacles like dams can reduce length. The Amazon river is without a doubt the most well-known waterway on the planet. In particular, there exists disagreement as to whether the Nile[3] or the Amazon[4] is the world's longest river. The river system drains 31 US states and 2 Canadian provinces. It has more than 1,100 tributaries and has a huge waste bowl. The Amur, or Heilong Jiang, is the world’s longest river, shaping the outskirt between the Russian Far East and Northeastern China (Inner Manchuria). The Nile — the longest river in the world According to the U.S. National Park Service, the river Nile is the longest in the world, spanning 4,135 miles (6,650 kilometers). The Jefferson-Mississippi-Missouri River system is the fourth largest river system in the world and serves transportation, industry, and recreation as the most important inland waterway in North America. The primary source of this river is Onon River-Shilka River and the secondary source is Kherlen River-Ergune River. The length of the river is not always clear, even when detailed maps are available. However, a recent 2014 study claims that the origin of the Amazon can be traced to the Cordillera Rumi Cruz from where Peru’s Mantaro River originates. It flows through central and north-eastern Africa and crosses all climatic zones. (See Rivers of the United States for other U.S. If the latter hypothesis is true, the Rhine would have attained a length of close to 1,650 kilometres (1,030 mi). The river is so vast that there is a different climate over its course. Current scientific research favours the former opinion, with the Thames and Rhine meeting in a large lake, the outflow of which was close to the present-day Straits of Dover. The Yellow River, however, is prone to devastating floods that wreck havoc in the country. However, its position as the second-longest river in the world is highly disputed as the title has for long been granted to the Nile River in Egypt. 3. (1995) ", Learn how and when to remove this template message, "Studies from INPE indicate that the Amazon River is 140km longer than the Nile", "Pinpointing the sources and measuring the lengths of the principal rivers of the world", "Amazon Longer Than Nile River, Scientists Say", "Scientists pinpoint sources of four major international rivers", "Impact of Humans on the Flux of Terrestrial Sediment to the Global Coastal Ocean", "The Chilliwack River Valley: An Outdoor Enthusiast's Paradise", "Amazon river flowed into the Pacific millions of years ago", Weichselian palaeoclimate and palaeoenvironment in Europe: Background for palaeogroundwater formation, The Pleistocene evolution of the Thames and Rhine drainage systems in the southern North Sea Basin (abstract), https://en.wikipedia.org/w/index.php?title=List_of_rivers_by_length&oldid=981511619, Short description is different from Wikidata, Wikipedia indefinitely semi-protected pages, Articles needing additional references from August 2010, All articles needing additional references, Articles that may contain original research from May 2017, All articles that may contain original research, Articles that may contain original research from June 2009, Articles with unsourced statements from January 2015, Articles lacking reliable references from June 2009, Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike License, China (52.4%), Myanmar (43.9%), Thailand (3.7%). Generally, the most commonly used/anglicised name of the river is used. Amazon River, South America. Besides being the sixth longest river in the world, it is also the second longest in Asia with an approximate length of 5,464 kilometers. The name in a native language or alternate spelling may be shown. Yenisey River, likewise spelled Yenisei or Enisei, Evenk Ioanesi (“Great River”), river of central Russia, one of the longest rivers in Asia. The Amur River (Chinese: Heilong Jiang) forms the natural border of far East Russia and China with a total length of 4444 kilometers, making it the 10th longest river in the world. The Nile waters flow at an average volume of 300 million cubic meters (79.2 billion gallons) per day, according to Travelling Along Rivers, a Dutch bilingual travel magazine. Total Length: 6,650 km (4,132 miles) This is the world’s fifth-longest river system and the largest draining into the Arctic Ocean. 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