Because of the steep gradient of the Saltoro Range, the area is also prone to avalanches. India faces territorial issues with many of its neighbours. The Western Command will be remanded from Indira Col on Saltoro Ridge in the Siachen Glacier area with its headquarters prospecting at Gujarat's trip to Jaipur. Both countries maintain a permanent military presence in the region at a height of over 6,000 metres (20,000 ft). To the northwest, the Kondus Glacier separates the range from the neighboring Masherbrum Mountains, while on the southeast, the Gyong River, Glacier, and Pass separate the northern Saltoro Mountains from the southern Saltoro Mountains or "Kailas Mountains" (not to … “India forcibly occupied Siachen Glacier and it is a disputed area. The attack was repulsed by Indian troops. It has secured its positions on the ridgeline at great cost, now called the Actual Ground Position Line (AGPL), and does not want to pull back from these positions unless they are physically demarcated jointly on ground and map by both armies, … The Indian Army is strongly positioned on the Saltoro Ridge, which overlooks Gilgit and Baltistan (POK) in the far distance and is located well ahead of the entire Siachen Glacier. In 1978 a German Siachen-Kondus Expedition under the leadership of Jaroslav Poncar (further members Volker Stallbohm and Wolfgang Kohl, liaison officer major Asad Raza) entered Siachen via Bilafond La and established the base camp on the confluence of Siachen and Teram Shehr. Beyond NJ 9842, the agreement stated that the border will run ‘thence north to the glaciers’. R. K. Nanavatty launched an artillery attack on Kauser Base, the Pakistani logistical node in Chumik and successfully destroyed it. The event underscored the dilution of the Simla Agreement and became a domestic issue as political parties, led by Benazir Bhutto's Peoples Party, blamed an incompetent military government under Zia ul-Haq for failing to defend Pakistani-held territory — while Zia downplayed the significance of the loss.[59]. "[This quote needs a citation], The line between where Indian and Pakistani troops are presently holding onto their respective posts is being increasingly referred to as the Actual Ground Position Line (AGPL).[51][52]. Three years later, Pakistan tried to gain a dominant position by forcibly occupying a height which it called the Quaid Post. It is source of Nubra River that eventually feeds the might… In a snub to China, Bangladesh turns its back on Chinese Defence Minister, “A Savage Logic” – Albert Einstein on Anti-Semitism. They are located in the heart of the Karakoram, on the southwest side of the Siachen Glacier. Saltoro Ridge: The Saltoro Mountains is a subrange of the Karakoram Heights or of Saltoro Ridge. Pakistan responded quickly by terming the region as a disputed territory. There has been considerable talk in Pakistan about the recent avalanche in Gyari west of the Saltoro Ridge and it is shown as having occurred in the Siachen area. INDRA COL, the northern most part of Siachen, directly overlooks Chinese occupation that was illegally ceded by Pakistan to China. The Writer is an Army veteran and a social worker. The post was renamed Bana Post in his honour. The destruction of Kauser Base induced Pakistani troops to vacate Chumik posts concluding Operation Ibex. The contentious area is about 2,500 sq km. Thus, holding of the Siachen Glacier is crucial for India. [92], On 14 July 2018, 10 Indian Army soldiers were killed as result of Avalanche in Siachen. Siachen Conflict The Siachen conflict was a military conflict between India and Pakistan over the disputed Siachen Glacier region in Kashmir. Modern world history- Chapter-The Indian subcontinent achieves independence/The Coldest War. [86] Pakistani officials offered their help in search and rescue operations 30 hours after the incident, although it was declined by Indian military authorities. Have you read these stories? [32], Maps from Pakistan, the United Nations and various global atlases depicted the CFL ending at NJ9842 until the mid 1960s. [30], The first public acknowledgment of the maneuvers and the developing conflict situation in the Siachen was an abbreviated article titled "High Politics in the Karakoram" by Joydeep Sircar in The Telegraph newspaper of Calcutta in 1982. Pervez Musharraf had himself once commanded the Special Services Group (SSG) troops in this area and made several futile attempts to capture Indian posts.[53]. Successive governments in India have not been averse to the idea of demilitarisation, On June 12, 2005 while on a visit to the Glacier, the then Indian Prime Minister Dr. Manmohan Singh had said, “Now the time has come that we make efforts that this battlefield is converted into a peace mountain.”. He claimed that more than 1,100 Indian soldiers have died defending the Siachen glacier. By then they had already got control of the glacier and the adjacent Saltoro ridge, using Col Kumar's maps. [26] United States Defense Mapping Agency (now National Geospatial-Intelligence Agency) began in about 1967 to show a boundary on their Tactical Pilotage Charts as proceeding from NJ9842 east-northeast to the Karakoram Pass at 5,534 m (18,136 ft) on the China border. Saltoro Ridge: The Saltoro Mountains is a subrange of the Karakoram Heights or of Saltoro Ridge. On April 13, 1984, India launched Operation Meghdoot to capture the 76.4 km-long glacier on the Saltoro ridge, narrowly thwarting Pakistan’s own attempts in the process. Gen. Pervez Musharraf (later President of Pakistan) launched Operation Qaidat to retake Qaid peak. Both sides have shown desire to vacate the glacier as there are environmental and cost concerns. [citation needed], The conflict in Siachen stems from the incompletely demarcated territory on the map beyond the map coordinate known as NJ9842 (35°00′30″N 77°00′32″E / 35.008371°N 77.008805°E / 35.008371; 77.008805). View Our Menu . Siachen is a symbol of the worst aspects of their relationship."[55]. The 76 km long Siachen Glacier is hemmed in between the Saltoro ridge line to the west and the main Karakoram Range to the east. India is well aware that after having achieved its first step, Pakistan will declare the region as a disputed territory. Updated: Jul 15, 2020, 10.52 PM IST. [81], On 12 December, an avalanche killed 6 Indian soldiers in the Sub Sector Hanif in Turtuk area, when troops of the 1st Assam regiment were moving between posts. Now advanced technology is being used to make the life of soldiers posted over there a little easier. [62] In 2012, an avalanche hit Pakistan's Gayari military base, killing 129 soldiers and 11 civilians. 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Paragraph B 2 (d) of 1949 Karachi Agreement states: (d) From Dalunang eastwards the cease-fire line will follow the general line point 15495, Ishman, Manus, Gangam, Gunderman, Point 13620, Funkar (Point 17628), Marmak, Natsara, Shangruti (Point 1,531), Chorbat La (Point 16700), Chalunka (on the Shyok River), Khor, thence north to the glaciers. There are numerous negotiations between both parties but have shown no significant progress, the process was further complicated when Pakistan violated ceasefire line in 1999 and built bunkers on Indian side and started artillery fire on Indian strategic highways resulting in 1999 Kargil War. In 1984, through ‘Operation Meghdoot’, India landed its troops on three passes of the Saltoro ridge west of Siachen glacier in a large airborne operation. He interacted with the Indian soldiers deployed in Siachen and commended their courage. While stakes are high for India, Pakistan cannot be threatened with Indian control of Siachen as the terrain does not allow India to launch an offensive on Pakistan but is a big question on Pakistan's ability to defend its territory claims. In 1974, India could resolve its maritime boundary dispute with Sri Lanka by … This led to a loss of momentum on the Pakistani side and the assault stalled. India over the years has built permanent positions on ground. Adverse climatic conditions or any other form of hardship will not deter Pakistan from covetously eyeing Siachen. They are claimed as part of Ladakh union territory by India and as part of Gilgit-Baltistan by Pakistan. They are claimed as part of Ladakh union territory by India and as part of Gilgit-Baltistan by Pakistan. India built the world's highest helipad on the glacier at Point Sonam, 21,000 feet (6,400 m) above the sea level, to supply its troops. The documentary "Expedition to the longest glacier" was shown on the 3rd channel of WDR (German TV) in 1979. [76], In 2013, 10 Indian soldiers died due to weather conditions. There have been several off the track solutions of the Siachen dispute. The Saltoro Mountains are Lesser Karakorams on the southwestern side of the large Karakoram-glaciers (Siachen, Baltoro, Biafo and Hispar Glacier from east to west) while the main ridge of the Karakorams lies northeast of these glaciers. They are located in the heart of the Karakoram, on the southwest side of the Siachen Glacier. They are claimed as part of Ladakh union territory by India and as part of Gilgit-Baltistan by Pakistan. Gen. Chandan Nugyal, Major Varinder Singh, Lt. Rajiv Pande and Naib Subedar Bana Singh launched a successful strike on Qaid Post and captured it from Pakistani forces. [55] At army headquarters in Rawalpindi, the discovery of repeated Indian military expeditions to the glacier drove Pakistani generals to the idea of securing Siachen before India did. whole leaf romaine lettuce | hand torn croutons | Pecorino-Romano $9 *salad additions. The major passes on this ridge are Sia La at 20,000 ft and Bila Fond La at 19,000 ft. India’s position on Line of Control is based on the terrain configuration, … The increasing Chinese presence in Pakistan-occupied-Kashmir and Gilgit-Baltistan is a fact of life,he added. The Leh-based Fire & Fury Corps of the Indian Army in whose Area of Responsibility (AOR) the “highest battlefield in the world” is located held a somber Wreath Laying Ceremony. “I am proud of all Army personnel serving in Siachen who are leaving no stone unturned to defend our motherland. mixed greens | Point-Reyes blue cheese | almonds honey shallot vinaigrette $9 GFI Caesar Salad. Pakistan granted a number of permits. It would be a test of endurance, the source said while adding that India has the advantage as it has been sitting on the glaciated heights of the Saltoro ridge since 1984. It is admitted that India has many weather related casualties in Siachen. In fact most of the … On April 13, 1984, India launched Operation Meghdoot to capture the 76.4 km-long glacier on the Saltoro ridge, narrowly thwarting Pakistan’s own attempts in the process. [94], On 3 June 2019, Indian defense minister Rajnath Singh visited the Indian army's forward posts and base camp in Siachen. If India was not holding the heights on the Saltoro Ridge, the highest watershed in the area, Pakistani and Chinese armies could link up to bring the Karakoram Pass under their control and threaten the Ladakh region. But there has been no shooting following the 2003 ceasefire along the Line of Control (LoC) and the Actual Ground Position Line (AGPL) across the Siachen. The largely inaccessible terrain beyond this point was not demarcated,[20] but delimited as thence north to the glaciers in paragraph B 2 (d) of the Karachi Agreement. US General visited for the purpose of "developing concepts and medical aspects of fighting in severe cold conditions and high altitude". Indian Army under Brig. [3], April 1984 Operation Meghdoot: Indian Army under the leadership of Lt. Gen. Manohar Lal Chibber, Maj. Gen. Shiv Sharma, and Lt. Gen. P. N. Hoon learned of the plan by Pakistan Army to seize Sia La, and Bilafond La, on the glacier. [22] is the second addendum to the 1949 Karachi Agreement, and shows the CFL marked on the Map of the State of Jammu and Kashmir as per the explanation of CFL in paragraph 'B' 2 (d) of the Karachi Agreement. [34], June – July 1987: Operation Rajiv: Over the next three years, with Indian troops positioned at the critical passes, Pakistan Army attempted to seize heights overlooking the passes. Saltoro Ridge: The Saltoro Mountains is a subrange of the Karakoram Heights or of Saltoro Ridge. [88], On 27 February, a civilian porter working with the Indian army in the Northern Glacier, fell to his death in a 130-foot crevasse. At that stage, instead of adopting a pragmatic approach, the then Pakistan Army Chief, General Kayani, reiterated the Pakistani position that it was India which started the dispute in 1984. NEW DELHI: Cutting through all the brouhaha on the Siachen Glacier-Saltoro Ridge dispute in recent days, India on Tuesday said it remained …